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Assessment of the potential contribution of electricity-based synthetic fuels to archive the transport climate protection goals in Baden-Württemberg


August 2018 – November 2018

Commissioned by

Department of Transportation Baden-Württemberg


Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Baden-Württemberg (ZSW)

Project description

The greenhouse gas reduction targets pose major challenges for the transport sector. This report examines what contribution electricity-based synthetic fuels (power-to-liquids (PtL)) could make to reduce transport’s greenhouse gas emissions in Baden-Württemberg. It discusses the necessary framework conditions and activities for the industrialisation and market ramp-up of PtL until 2030. This timeframe is seen crucial in order to produce the quantities required for a long-term GHG-neutral transport.

In an optimistic case, a 7 percent share of PtL can be achieved in Germany by 2030. It is assumed that PtL will be imported from abroad. What is essential is a regulatory environment that enable business models that activate large amounts of capital. This is necessary for the PtL-industrialisation in areas with a high potential for renewable energies. This is not the case with the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) II agreed in the Trilogue. However, the RED II proposal offers an effective opportunity to implement a further developed GHG-quota. This instrument could lead to an efficient GHG-emission reduction and effectively push PtL and electric vehicles.