Bus Rapid Transit Systems (BRT) in Indonesia
Short-Term Expert Support on Sustainable Urban Transport Improvements in Indonesia – INDOBUS Project
December 2018 – December 2019
Commissioned byDeutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Far East Mobility
The project advises Indonesia’s Ministry of Planning and Transport and the authorities in the provinces and cities there on developing an urban transport strategy focusing on Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems and supports them in BRT showcase projects in selected pilot cities. Further Indonesian cities are to follow later. The Indobus project financed by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO is closely linked to the “Sustainable Urban Transport Program Indonesia (SUTRI NAMA)”.
In the first project phase, pre-feasibility studies in the cities of Bandung, Semarang and Pekanbaru were carried out with the objective of a successful implementation of BRT systems. One of ifeu’s tasks within the project was to analyse the objectives and the regulatory framework with regard to environmentally friendly transport, both at national level and in the three pilot cities. In addition, ifeu calculated the total greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from transport and the GHG of each individual means of transport, using current local traffic data (GHG inventory). On this basis, scenarios were developed and the GHG reduction potentials resulting from the introduction of the planned BRT systems were quantified for each of the pilot cities.
During a week-long information tour through Europe, high-ranking Indonesian decision-makers from the Ministry of Planning and Transport gained insights, for example, into the technical maturity of current electric bus models, the successful integration of electric buses into the transport system, from vehicle manufacturers and transport planners and operators. Furthermore, ifeu advised on the successful implementation of an effective monitoring, reporting and verification process on greenhouse gases in the transport sector.