So far, local authorities have not been able to make any transferrable inter-district statements on energy and CO2 balancing, on potentials, and on the results of scenario analyses, because there were no unified standards in use.
The BMUB therefore appointed the Klima-Bündnis e.V. [climate alliance], comprising ifeu (Institute for energy and environmental research of Heidelberg) and IdE (Institute of decentralised energy technologies), to develop a planning tool for local authorities. With this tool, local authorities should, at low cost, using standard calculation methods, be able to make transferrable statements giving an assessment of the effects of local climate protection activities. In addition to standardised climate protection controls, the results can be used as the basis for developing a climate protection policy.
The tool is divided into three modules: balancing, potential/scenario development and benchmarking.
IFEU dealt mainly with the module on harmonising municipal energy and CO2 balances. As a first step, standardised and consistent methods were established together with practitioners and scientists. At the same time, improved and unified forms of providing data were determined and compiled. The results were put together to develop a standardised balancing method for local municipalities (“Bilanzierungs-Systematik für Kommunen”, BISKO).
Having established the BISKO-method, a module-based software tool (climate protection planner) was programmed that should serve as the key instrument for balancing and developing climate protection measures in local authorities and regions. During the last phase of the project, the tool modules were tested in several pilot districts, and recommendations on making them operational were expressed.
In addition, the scenario development module is currently worked on by IdE. This module will contain the building blocks for identifying potential, calculating regional added value, and producing the matrix of measures to be taken.
In the third tool module, the climate protection benchmark (in German) will be further developed by the climate alliance, and may for example be modified for rural districts. With this module, each district can represent a comparison of its own activities and successes in relation to those of other districts or regions.
The report is the result of a 1.5 year coordination process between local actors and the scientific community. The report serves as a basis for the development of the climate protection planner. Details such as emissions factors may change in the course of the project.