Scientific support of the Climate Protection Unit at the Ministry of the Environment in Baden-Württemberg
November 2018 - February 2020
Commissioned byMinistry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector Baden-Württemberg
Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung (Fraunhofer ISI)
Zentrum für Sonnenenergie und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Württemberg (ZSW)
Developments in climate policy and decisions at federal level have a significant influence on the achievement of energy and climate policy goals in the individual federal states. The project supports the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Environment in analysing the impact and interactions of federal and EU climate protection measures and develops a concept for their monitoring and presentation.
The coalition agreement of the state government in Baden-Württemberg, which was formed in 2016, stipulates that the Climate Protection Act (KSG BW) passed in July 2013 and the Integrated Energy and Climate Protection Concept Baden-Württemberg (IEKK) passed in July 2014 will be further developed. A further objective is to optimise the steering effect. In order to achieve the energy and climate policy goals and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 90 % by 2050 compared to 1990, various measures are necessary in the individual sectors. Developments in Baden-Württemberg are significantly influenced by measures at the federal and EU level.
The Climate Protection Plan 2050 was adopted at federal level in November 2016 and gives all fields of action a clear orientation in terms of content for achieving the long-term goal of a Germany. The goal is to be largely greenhouse gas neutral by 2050. For the first time, it contains milestones and targets for all sectors for the period until 2030 in order to achieve the cross-sectoral reduction target of 55 % compared to 1990. In 2018, the Impact Assessment of the ecological, social and economic effects of the sectoral targets for 2030 of the German government’s climate protection plan 2050 concluded that both target paths show overall positive economic effects and that an adjustment of the sectoral targets is not necessary. In mid-2019, the Climate Protection Programme 2030 concretised the measures set out in the Climate Protection Plan 2050. The government defined package of measures for the individual fields of action or sectors with the aim of ensuring the achievement of the sector targets. These targets were set out in the Federal Climate Protection Act adopted at the end of 2019.In addition, a effective mechanism was introduced: If the specified emission levels are exceeded, an emergency programme for the respective sector must be submitted within three months, which must be adopted as quickly as possible (see Federal Climate Protection Act §8).
Against this background, the project aims to support the Climate Protection Unit at the Baden-Württemberg Ministry for the Environment, Climate and Energy (Ministry of the Environment) in analysing the impact and interactions of federal and EU climate protection measures. The consortium analyses the complex and dynamic framework conditions and their technical and quantitative classification. The analyses within the framework of this project are intended to show the effects of the measures and framework conditions at federal level for the energy and climate policy objectives of Baden-Württemberg by providing technical background information and carrying out well-founded assessments of the effects of the Climate Protection Programme 2030. This includes:
- Analysis of the consequences of the Impact Assessment on the sectoral targets of the Climate Protection Plan 2050 for Baden-Württemberg
- Semi-qualitative assessment of the impact of the climate protection programme 2030 on the sectoral targets in Baden-Württemberg
- Quantification of sectoral GHG savings of selected federal measures in the climate protection programme 2030 in Baden-Württemberg.
In addition, a concept for monitoring and presenting the impact contributions and interactions of climate protection measures of the federal government and the European Union (monitoring concept) will be developed, in which the main drivers of emissions development will be identified and an impact matrix will be created, in which the drivers will be linked to the core measures and accompanying measures.