Construction and building materials industry

A considerable share of the German raw material demand arises from the construction and building materials industry. Domestic raw material extraction is carried out primarily for building construction, road construction, and for earthworks and other civil engineering purposes. The high demand for primary raw materials in the construction industry is largely responsible for the failure of the German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess) for increased resource productivity to comply with its intended goals to date. In consequence, the reduction of the specific construction and building material use (e.g. renovation before replacement, intensification of use) should overlap with reduced raw material use, for instance through increased application of secondary raw materials.

ifeu has been committed to explore these questions in a broad range of projects. A prominent example is recycled concrete ( This particular concrete applies composite aggregates derived from recycled construction waste, i.e. processed building rubble. Thus, it presents a resource-conserving alternative for the production of transit-mix concrete. With several research projects exploring the novel solution, ifeu was instrumental in the promotion and market launch of this construction material innovation in southwest Germany. The Federal Environmental Agency has commissioned ifeu to launch similar initiatives for a range of industries, e.g. light and autoclaved aerated concrete, gypsum, and brick, further including materials such as mortar and plaster, cement, sand-lime bricks, (mineral) insulation and sheet glass.


Masonry rubble for resource-conserving construction

To what extent is masonry rubble reclaimed from demolished buildings suitable for use in resource-conserving building construction? Can this material known as type 2 aggregate be processed to make R…

R concrete – resource-conserving concrete – the next generation of material

The research project’s intended impulse towards resource conservation in construction can only be implemented in building practice in the long term if the production of resource-conserving R concrete…


Systemic thinking is required to develop a high-quality recycling system aimed at avoiding downcycling where possible through reductions in quality. The entire value chain must be taken into account,…