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Survey of Global Material Flows

 

Cover of the Report>09.08.2016 The current report of the International Resource Panel of the United Nations Environment Programme, to which the ifeu Institute contributed, analyses global resource use between 1970 and 2010. The report builds on existing global datasets on material flows which were developed further and brought together for the UNEP report. The ifeu Institute contributed by preparing and calculating global physical trade data.

The report presents a variety of empirical results from economy-wide material flow analysis analysed by different criteria such as regional affiliation, income and welfare differences and differentiated by raw material categories. The report shows for example that the extraction of raw materials has tripled globally during the observed period while the amount of internationally traded goods quadrupled. Global average resource use (measured in terms of domestic material consumption) has increased from 6 to 10 tons per capita. According to the report the average amount for Germany was 16 tons in 2010.

The report is available here ....

 
 
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First Newsletter by the SEEMLA project

   
 
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Pilot project on Bio-Oil Transformers

 

photo bio-oil transformer (Guido Reinhardt)07.07.2016 Transformers that transform power from medium voltage to low voltage currently mostly contain mineral oil as insulating fluid. IFEU now accompanies a pilot project by the German grid operator Netze BW in collaboration with Siemens and the University of Stuttgart in which initially 100 bio-oil transformers are introduced. Already this pilot operation saves around 36 t of mineral oil. The new bio-oil from rapeseed shows comparable insulation properties and is moreover regarded as non-toxic. IFEU studies in a screening life cycle assessment which climate change mitigation and other environmental impacts arise from this. If accompanying tests are successful, Netze BW plans to use bio-oil transformers in future maintenance and replacement operations of its 26,500 distribution transformers.

For more information see the press release of Netze BW [German].

 
 
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Bio-based Plastics for Food Packaging

   
 
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Evaluation of Mercury Emissions from the Thermal Power Station Munich North

   
 
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Bioenergy on Marginal Lands

 

seemla logo22.04.2016 In early 2016, the SEEMLA project for the sustainable exploitation of biomass for bioenergy from marginal lands in Europe was launched. Receiving funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme, the project puts together eight partners from Germany, Ukraine, Greece and Italy and is coordinated by the Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR). The three-year project is focussing on the reliable and sustainable exploitation of biomass from marginal lands, which are used neither for food nor for feed production and which are not posing an environmental threat. Within the project, ifeu will be responsible for the sustainability assessment of the investigated bioenergy chains including environmental and socio-economic impacts.
Further information...


Further information ...

 
 
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Life Cycle Environmental and Resource Assessment of Electric Vehicles

 

Graphik30.03.2016 The ifeu study „Advancement and Deeper Analysis of Electric Vehicles Life Cycle Assessment (in German)" on behalf of the Federal Environment Ministry is available by now. The study investigates the environmental impact of electric vehicles through the entire life cycle (“from gradle to grave”) and compares the impact with results of conventionally propelled vehicles. A variety of factors such as climate zone, driving profile, charging behavior and electrical utility factor are taken into account. In particular materials used in battery manufacturing were evaluated and new approaches were developed to assess resource usage.

Scenarios address possible future changes for 2030. According to those scenarios electric vehicel environmental benefits will increase over the next years (especially by expansion of renewable energies) and disadvantages will decrease (through better specific battery characteristics and reinforced recycling also because of economic reasons). Preconditions are a more consistent energy industry transformation as well as incentives for a resource-efficient product design and an encompassing waste disposal and recycling industry.

Study Download (in German - UBA Texte 27/2016, pdf 5 MB)

 
 
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GHG Mitigation Potentials of fuel-saving Truck Tyres in Europe and China

 

12.01.2016 Truck transport is increasing worldwide contributing substantially to GHG emissions. Use of truck tyres with low rolling resistance can reduce GHG emissions of truck transport considerably. In the GIZ project ‘Transfer of Climate Friendly Technologies and Measures’ (TRANSfer), ifeu has analysed GHG savings potentials of efficient tyres in both, the EU and China, and has recently published two studies to support further development of low rolling resistance tyre regulations in China.

Furthermore, a monitoring methodology for GHG and non-GHG impacts of legislative regulations on characteristics of truck tyres has been developed, illustrated with experiences in the EU. This “MRV blueprint” is aimed to support the development of suitable methods for evaluating mitigation success (MRV - Measurement, Reporting and Verification) of transport related GHG mitigation measures under the NAMA framework (NAMA - Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action).


Studie “GHG Mitigation Potential of European Rolling Resistance Labelling and Phase-out Scheme for Heavy-Duty Truck Tyres”

Studie “GHG Mitigation Potential of a Green Tyre Programme for Road Freight in China”

“Monitoring emission savings from low rolling resistance tire labelling and phase-out schemes - MRV Blueprint based on an example from the European Union”,
Study and Presentation
Grafik

 
 
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 Printer friendly  Tell a friend Last updated: 10 Aug 2016

 

 


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