Beverage and other packaging

The choice of beverage options world-wide is becoming more and more diverse. In consequence, the volumes of different beverage packaging produced and in need of disposal after use are also constantly rising.

Environmental assessment of such packaging and optimisation of its environmental performance (e.g. material selection, functional improvement, weight optimisation, etc.) have been key areas of expertise at ifeu for a number of years.

Consulting services at ifeu in this sector are not limited to the environmental policy framework in Germany. We provide our clients with comprehensive information on the ways in which policy developments across Europe and globally may affect their products, and we model products with a range of different Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies to illustrate different relevant effects in an international context (e.g. PEF, ILCD, ISO 14046, etc.).

LCA is an established tool for the environmental assessment of beverage packaging. The German Federal Environment Agency (UBA) stipulated minimum requirements for beverage packaging LCAs in context of the German Packaging Ordinance last year. ifeu played a key role in the compilation of these guidelines.

ifeu carries our research and provides consulting services and support for beverage packaging producers world-wide in pursuit of the overall goal of reducing environmental impacts through sustainable packaging portfolios. Both fossil and biobased solutions are considered here.


Benedikt Kauertz

Dipl. Ing. Spatial and Environmental Planning
Scientific Director
+49 (0)6221 4767 57


REPAID - Reusable Solutions for Gastronomy

Promotion of reusable solutions to reduce single-use plastic service packaging through automation of take-back, interventions at the point of sale and possibilities of digitalisation to support user behaviour

The REPAID project is researching how reusable packaging can become a success in the catering industry and how existing problems in the area of use and return quotas as well as trip rates of reusable…

Unterschiedlich verpackte Lebensmittel


The consumption of plastic packaging for food, clothing and cosmetics has increased steadily over the last two decades. Consumers often do not even have the opportunity to buy products unpacked. The…

Same beverage packaging - different results

The end market and related country-specific factors have an influence on results of packaging life cycle assessments that should not be underestimated

The carbon footprint of a Tetra Pak® beverage carton in different markets – Which role do country-specific factors play? A summarised comparison of several product life cycle assessments.

UBA Coffee To Go

The project analyses the volume of to-go cups for hot beverages in Germany, their waste management relevance and their impact on resources and the environment. The aim is to derive recommendations for…

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Tetra Pak® carton packages and alternative packaging systems for liquid food on the Nordic market

The LCA of Tetra Pak carton packages and alternative packagings on the Nordic market aims to provide an up-to date knowledge regarding the environmental performance of carton packages and alternative…

LCA study of two different sandwich packs: A rigid plastic lunchbox and household aluminium foil

In a LCA study for the European Aluminium Foil Association (EAFA), ifeu examined the environmental impacts of two different ways to safely pack a sandwich.

LCA packaging of sterilised food

The LCA study analyses packaging systems for sterilised food on the European market.

LCA combibloc Slimline EcoPlus Europe

The ISO compliant LCA study analyses a newly developed beverage cartons system of SIG Combibloc within different geographic scopes.

LCA packaging of UHT milk

The LCA study analyses packaging systems for the packaging of UHT milk on the European markets.

LCA of beverage carton combidome

The ISO compliant LCA study analyses environmental performance of the beverage carton system combidome developed by SIG Combiobloc on the European market.

LCA of packaging for non-carbonated soft drinks (NCSD)

The ISO compliant LCA study analyses packaging systems for non-carbonated soft drinks on the European market.