Beverages play a major role in satisfying our daily fluid intake requirements, and are therefore an indispensable part of our diet. Due to its high nutrient content, milk can almost be classified as a foodstuff.

Mains water and mineral water have been of utmost significance for a long time. On the other hand, mixed beverages, e.g. soft drinks, spritzers and energy drinks are increasing in popularity. As agricultural products are used in the production of milk, fruit juices, a wide range of non-alcoholic mixed drinks and alcoholic beverages, agriculture can make a significant contribution to the environmental impact of drinks in the beverages sector as a whole. Processing, bottling and distribution all play a critical role.

ifeu has previously drawn up life cycle assessments and greenhouse gas / energy balance sheets for a wide range of beverages, and also provides a consultancy service for national and international drinks manufacturers in relation to the production of corporate climate balance sheets and eco-efficiency analyses.

Environmental assessment of non-alcoholic beverages

What environmental effects do the production of orange juice and drinking water have? The distinction between tap water and mineral water and between direct juice and concentrate juice plays a role in this. For a holistic accounting of the food, the different packaging is also included in the calculations. We therefore take a look at both the environmental impacts of the production of these foods and the resources needed for packaging.


Andreas Detzel

Dipl. Biology
Scientific and Managing Director
+49 (0)6221 4767 0

Mirjam Busch

Dipl. Ing. Ecology and Environmental Protection
+49 (0)6221 4767 75