Pathways to a resource-efficient and greenhouse-gas-neutral Germany 1

Sustainable Development and Resource Productivity

Authors: Harry Lehmann, Monika Dittrich, Katja Purr, Philip Nuss, Jens Günther

Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions continue to rise despite the implementation of climate protection measures. Global materials extraction is accelerating and contributes significantly to GHG-emissions and other environmental pressures. Raw materials such as metals, biomass, and non-metallic minerals are central in meeting the climate targets by 2050. This study investigates possible transformation pathways towards a GHG-neutral and resource-efficient Germany by 2050 using six scenarios. In all scenarios, a transformation towards 100% renewable energy (electricity, fuels, and feedstocks) takes place until 2050. By 2050, GHG-reductions of 95% to 97% is achieved compared to 1990. Raw materials consumption can be reduced by 56% to 70% compared to 2010. However, the demand for a range of metals central to the transformation will also increase. The results show that ambitious efforts and cross-sectoral cooperation at both national and international level are required to mitigate climate change and lower raw materials demands.





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